All information Constitution of INDIA 2022

 All Information Constitution of India 2022

The preamble of the Indian Constitution serves as a brief introductory statement of the Constitution that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the Indian Constitution. The objectives stated by the Preamble are to secure justice, liberty, equality to all citizens and promote fraternity to maintain the unity and integrity of the nation.


India will celebrate 73rd Republic Day on January 26, 2022, marking the day when the country officially adopted its Constitution. Written by Dr. B R Ambedkar, the Constitution declares that India is a "sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic" and assures that people of the country get "justice, equality and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity".

On 26, January 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India, the Constitution of India came into effect.


Document of India

Preamble of Indian Constitution


1. WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

2. JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

3. EQUALITY of status and of opportunity.

4. and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.

5. IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION


Important Preamble of Indian Constitution


Sovereign


The term ‘Sovereign’ means that India has its own independent authority and it is not a dominion of any other external power. In the country, the legislature has the power to make laws that are subjected to certain limitations.

 

Socialist


The term ‘Socialist’ means the achievement of socialist ends through democratic means.

Secular


The term ‘Secular’ means that all the religions in India get equal respect, protection and support from the state.

 

Democratic


The term ‘Democratic’ means Constitution of India has an established form of Constitution which gets its authority from the will of the people expressed in an election.

Republic


The term ‘Republic’ indicates that the head of the state is elected by the people directly or indirectly. In India, the President is the head of the state and he is elected indirectly by the people.


24 January  important in history of India

Republic Day 2022: January 24 is of equal importance to India as Republic Day for many reasons, check the reasons below.

India celebrates Republic Day on January 26 every year and this year the country will mark its 73rd Republic day celebrations. On a special day in the year 1950, India adopted its Constitution and it came into effect abolishing the Government of India Act 1935 as governing document of India.

India got its independence in the year 1947 but it was later in 1950, on Jan 26, India got its own constitution and governing document. The constitution has declared the Republic of India as sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic" and assured that people of the country get "justice, equality and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity".

Each year, the celebrations of Republic Day start from January 24. However, from this year onwards, it will start from Jan 23 to mark Shubhas Chandra Bose's anniversary. But why every year until now, January 24 was celebrated in India?

January 24 is of equal importance to India as Republic Day as on this day in 1950, India adopted its 'Jana Gana Mana' as its National Anthem. Interestingly, 'Vande Mataram' was also adopted as India's national song on this day in 1950.

-On the very same day, the assembly elected Rajendra Prasad as the nation's first President. India after independence got its first constitutional head as a president on January 24, 1950.

-Also, The new Constitution of India, declaring the Dominion of India a Republic, was approved and signed by the 284 members of India's Constituent Assembly.


 National Anthem 'Jana Gana Mana

Originally composed as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata in Bengali by polymath Rabindranath Tagore, Jana Gana Mana formal rendition is of approximately 52 seconds. It was first publicly sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta now Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress

 

   Title: Jana Gana Mana

Music by: Rabindranath Tagore

Lyrics by: Rabindranath Tagore

Raga: Alhiya Bilawal

Written on: December 11, 1911

First sung on: December 27, 1911

Declared as National Anthem on: January 24, 1950

Time to play: 52 seconds


National Anthem 'Jana Gana Mana


About Ambedkar Sir


Bhimrao ramji ambedkar in india's hindu society. And who later renounced Hinduism and inspired the Dalit, Buddhist movement. Ambedkar served as chIrman of the drafting committee of the constitution of India.


Full Name  : Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar


Born : 14 April 1891, Dr. Ambedkar Nager India


Education : London School of Economic and political science 


Spouse" s name  :  Savita Ambedkar


Died :  6 December 1956 , Delhi , INDIA


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